عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study, the magnetic field effect on the hydrodynamics and heat transfer of the laminar flow of a nanofluid in a microchannel with one-sided sudden expansion at a low Reynolds number is investigated. The governing equations including mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations are discretized and solved on a staggered grid using the finite difference method by developing a Fortran code. The simulation results show that at a low Reynolds number, no vortex is formed after the step. In the presence of a magnetic field, the friction coefficient decreases with volume fraction. At a volume fraction of 0.04, this reduction in comparison with water at Hartmann numbers of 20 and 40 is 25 and 18 percent, respectively. By applying the magnetic field, the friction factor increases. For nanofluid with a volume fraction of 0.04, the enhancement of average friction factor in comparison with water at Hartmann numbers of 20 and 40 is 176 and 337 percent, respectively. At a low Reynolds number, the magnetic field effect on the Nusselt number is negligible. The Nusselt number decreases with volume fraction. At a volume fraction of 0.04, a reduction of about 12 percent is observed in the Nusselt number in comparison with water. Examining the performance evaluation criteria shows that applying a magnetic field improves the system's performance. At a Hartmann number of 20 and volume fraction of 0.04, an enhancement of about 11 percent in performance coefficient is observed in comparison with the case that the magnetic field is absent.